What is Research Data

“Data”, or “Research data” are regarded as the primary unit of any research enquiry. Data are collected to identify patterns in the field that support a particular theory or hypothesis. Data can be collected using a variety of methods and can take a wide variety of formats. Quantitative data may be numerical such as temperature taking over a specified period of time. Quantitative data can be a series of field notes, anecdotes or photographs concerning particular events or experiments.