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Predatory Academic Practice
This practice includes activities such as publishing and conferencing that exploit academic research output for financial gain to the detriment of the academics, researchers and their institutions.
Predatory publishing exploits the principles of Open Access by profiting from a researchers’ need to publish and distribute their research. These publishers often charge lower article processing charges (APCs), provide little or no peer review, and promise remarkably short publishing times. One of their key characteristics is the limited contact information provided.
Common characteristics of predatory practice:
Predatory conferences appear legitimate, but use an exploitive business model similar to that of predatory publishers. Organisers exercise little or no editorial control over presentations and submitted papers. The involvement of prominent researchers is often claimed (usually without their knowledge) in an attempt to boost conference attendance numbers, if the conference exists at all.
Some aspects to look out for
Is the conference in your field or does it cover a broad range of subjects?
Does the conference appear to be a one-off event? Are the details and papers of the previous event available?
Who is organising the conference? Is there any connection to a legitimate research organization, professional society, or institute?
What sort of fees are associated with attending the conference? Are registration fees with accommodation, meals, and travel?
Do organisers claim that abstracts and papers will be peer reviewed or promise a fast review time, high acceptance rate?
Do organisers guarantee publication in a list of specified journals?
Academic Media Group (2019)
Open Access is the free, immediate, online availability of research articles coupled with the rights to use these articles fully in the digital environment. Open Access ensures that anyone can access and use these results to turn ideas into industries and breakthroughs into better lives (SPARC).
Open Science is the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods (FOSTER).
Open data is the idea that some data should be freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control (Wikipedia)
What is a journal Impact factor?
Impact factors are one indicator of journal quality. They are calculated by determining the number of times published articles have been cited in the preceding two years. The higher the impact factor, the more articles have been cited. The impact factor, however, should not be used exclusively to establish journal quality. Informed peer-review should also be considered.
Some tips for choosing the right journal: